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As part of the reform of Scottish police services in April 2013, the Police Investigations & Review Commissioner (PIRC) was established. The Act expanded the role and responsibilities of the Police Complaints Commissioner for Scotland (PCCS) to include conducting independent investigation into the most serious incidents involving the police.  

In Crown Office directed investigations the Commissioner produces a report for the Crown Office to  allow the Lord Advocate to determine what further action is appropriate. The Police Public Order and Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2006 does not authorise  the Commissioner to publish a report on a Crown Office directed investigation.

Where the Commissioner conducts an investigation following a referral from Police Scotland or other policing bodies operating in Scotland, the findings are normally published. In cases where there may be on-going criminal investigations into related matters the Commissioner may be unable to publish the findings until after the conclusion of the criminal investigation and any subsequent court proceedings. The legislation enables the Commissioner to publish findings on these investigations at an appropriate point.

In the case of a referral from the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) regarding Senior Office Misconduct, the Commissioner must submit the written report of the investigation to the SPA. It is the responsibility of the SPA to determine what, if any, action to take. In this instance the Commissioner will not publish the report of the investigative findings.

To find out more about the types of matters we may be required to investigate, please see our investigations FAQs.

Find out more about current investigations here.

Where possible, the PIRC will publish an investigation report online in relation to the investigation. These may include cases which the Commissioner investigated at the direction of the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service (COPFS), cases referred to the Commissioner by Police Scotland or the Scottish Police Authority (SPA) for independent investigation and cases of significant public interest which the Commissioner investigated.

Find out more about our procedures for reporting on non-criminal investigations here.

To view investigation reports, choose a report type from the menu below or use drop down menu at the top of this page.

All reports
All firearm reports

Live fire

Baton rounds


Deaths in custody or following police contact

Serious injury in custody or following police contact

Fatal traffic collisions involving police

Use of CS sprays

Other significant investigations